Russian Federation (Russia)
Russian Federation (Russia) is the largest country in the world with the area of 17.075 mln square kilometers. Population on 01.12.2005 according of Rosstat data is 142,8 mln. Economically active population is 45%. Population growth rate from the year 1992 was a well seen negative character due to high rate of mortality. Life expectancy for men is 59 years and 71 for women. Russia is the democratic country with President and parliament with two chambers, Council of Ministers is chaired by Prime minister. It is the country with the market economy.
Nature of industry
New conception of the industry development forms three groups. In the first group the following branches of economy are included: oil and gas industry, forestry and wood felling, mining and energy production. Aviation and space, atomic industry, all branches of the military industry, machine-tool construction, biotechnology, wood processing industry, cellulose and paper production industry are included into the second group. The third group consists of cars production industry, light industry, food industry, machinery for agriculture.
There are 979 000 small enterprises in the country and they constitute 44% of total number of enterprises. They employ 9 mln workers or 16,3% of the working population.